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በካይሮ የኦሮሞ ስደተኞች ስጋት/ In Cairo, Ethiopia’s Oromos lose hope with UN refugee agency – Reuters

በኦሮሚያ ክልል የተከሰተውን ተቃዉሞ ተከትሎ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የኦሮሞ ተወላጆች ለደህንነታቸዉ በመስጋት አካባቢያቸዉን ጥለው ወደ ጎረቤት ኬንያ፣ ሱዳንና ግብፅ ተሰደዋል።

ከነዚህ መካከል በካይሮ፣ ግብፅ የሚገኙት የተገን ማመልከቻ ያስገቡት ስደተኞች የተባበሩት መንግስታት ከፍተኛ የስደተኞች ጉዳይ ተመልካች መስሪያ ቤት በምፃሩ UNHCR አድሎ አድርሶብናል ብሎ መክሰሳቸዉን ሮይቴርስ ትላንትና ባወጣዉ ዘገባ አመልክተዋል። በዚህም የተነሳ በህገ ወጥ መንገድ በሜድትሬንያን ባህር በኩል አድርገው ወደ አዉሮጳ ለመምጣት ሲሞክሩ በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ህይወታቸዉን ማጣታቸዉን ዘገባዉ ይጠቅሳል።

ከአንድ ዓመት በፊት ወደ ካይሮ መሰደዳቸውን የገለጹት አቶ ጣሶ ጣቡር ለUNHCR ያስገቡትን የተገን ማመልከቻቸውን ጉዳይ እየተከታተሉ መሆኑን ለዶቼ ቬሌ ተናግረዋል። መስሪያ ቤቱ ለስደተኞቹ ጉዳይ ተገቢውን ትኩረት አልሰጠም ይላሉ፣ «እዉነቱን ለመናገር በዚህ አገር ያለው UNCHR የኦሮሞን ጉዳይ ይመለከታል ለማለት ይከብዳል። ምክንያቱን ባላዉቅም፣  የኦሮሞ ችግር መስሎ አልታያቸውም። ግን እንደሚመስለኝ፣ ባሁኑ ሰዓት የኦሮሞ ተወላጆች መቸገራቸዉ፣ በአገር ቤት እየሞቱ ባለበት ሰዓት፣ UNHCR ጉዳያችን ለምን እንዳማይቀብል ነዉ ያልገባኝ። የናንቴ የተገን ጥያቄ ተቀባይነት የለዉም በሚል የብዙ ስድተኞችን ጥያቄ ውድቅ አድርገውታል።»

ከየካቲት ወር ጀምሮ በካይሮ እንደሚገኙ ለዶይቸ ቬለ የተናገሩት ፍስሃ ብራሳ የተባሉት ሌላ ተገን ጠያቂ ለUNHCR ቃሉ እንደሰጠ እና መልስ በመጠባበቅ ላይ መሆኑን  ይናገራል። በኢትዮጵያ  ከእስር ከተለቀቁ እና በኦሮሚያ ተቃዉሞ ከተጀመረም በኋላም በደህንነት ሰዎች ብዙ ማስፈራሪያዎች ይደርስብኝ ነበር ይላሉ። መስርያቤቱ ላለፉት ጥቅት ወራቶች በኢትዮጵያ የምከሰተዉን በዘገባ መስማት ከጀመሩ በኋላ የተወሰኑ ሰዎችን ለቃለ መጠይቅ መጥራት መጀመራቹዉን ጠቅሰዋል።

ግን አሁንም ቀጥሏል ያሉትን ችግር እንድህ ያብራራሉ « አንድ የኦሮሞ ተወላጅ ችግሩን ለመናገር ወደ UNHCR ቢሄድም በዚያ ብርድ ተሰልፈው ወረፋ ቢጠብቅም፣ ተራዉ ስለማይደርሰው ተመልሶ ይገባል ማለት ነዉ። ይህ  UNHCR ችግር እንዳለበት ያሳያል። ብዙ ሰዎች ተቸግረዋል። እናቶች እና  ትልቅ ችግር ያለባቸዉ ሰዎች ችግራቸዉን የሚያቀርቡበት መንገድ የለም፣ በፍጹም ትኩረት አይሰጡም። ከደህንነት ሸሽቶ የመጣዉን ሰዉ  የሚያስቀምጡበት ቦታ የለም፣ ሶስተኛ አገር ለማፈላለግም ተነሳሽነት የላቸዉም። በጣም ደካማ አሰራር ስላለ፣ እግዚአብሄ ይጠብቀኝ ብሎ መኖር ብቻ ነዉ።»

በካይሮ የሚገኘዉ UNHCR መስርያቤት የኮሙኒኬሼን ባለሙያ የሆኑት ታሪቅ አርጋዝ መስሪርያ ቤታቸዉ የሚከተላዉ ደንብ እንዳለ ጠቅሰው ጉዳዮች ለምን እንደሚዘገይ አስረድተዋል።

«አሁን እየመዘገብን ያለነዉ ብዙ ቁጥር ያላቸዉ ስድተኞችን ነዉ። ማመልከቻ የሚያስገቡ ስደተኞች ቁጥር ከባለፈዉ ዓመት ጀምሮ እየጨመረ ነዉ። በዚህ ሁኔታ ዉስጥም ሆነን ከማመልከቻ ማስገባት እስከ የስደተኝነት ሁኔታ ማረጋገጫ ድረስ የነበረዉ የመጠበቂያ ግዜ ከ 28 ወር ወደ 16 መቀነስ ችለናል። እዉነት ነዉ መጀመርያ ላይ አካሄዱ ዘገምተኛ ነበር። ምክንያቱም ብዙ አመልካቾች ስለነበሩና ይህን ስራ የሚሰሩ ሰዎችን ለመቅጠር የበጀት ችግር ነበረን።»

ከሶርያውያን እና ከሱዳናውያን ቀጥሎ ከኢትዮጵያ የሚመጡ ስድተኞች ሶስተኛ ደረጃ እንደ ያዙ ታርቅ ተናግረው ከ67 ከመቶ በላይ የሚሆኑ ከኦሮሚያ ክልል እንደሚመጡም ለዶይቸ ቬለ አስረድተዋል። ከጥቅምት ወር መጨረሻ ጀምሮ UNHCR ከኢትዮጵያ የመጡትን 11, 685 ሰዎችን እንደመዘገበ ጠቁመው፣ ይህም ከባለፉት ዓመት ጋር ካወዳደርነዉ በሁሉት እጥፍ ማደጉን አመልክተዋል።

መርጋ ዮናስ  አረያም ተክሌ  የጀርምን ድምጽ ሬዲዮ

In Cairo, Ethiopia’s Oromos lose hope with UN refugee agency

By Stephen Grey and Amina Ismail

Dec 6 In Egypt, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been the target of bitter criticism and even violent protest this year.

Protests at the agency’s Cairo headquarters – including one man setting himself on fire – have been led by Oromos, the single biggest ethnic group in Ethiopia.

The Oromos say the UNHCR – which by agreement with the Egyptian government has responsibility for determining asylum applications in Egypt – has routinely rejected their asylum claims. The Oromos claim the UN agency has been hostile to their allegations of discrimination, persecution and even torture by the government of Ethiopia. Protests and a government crackdown in Ethiopia have left 140 (the government estimate) or 314 (Human Rights Watch) dead since July and pushed thousands of people to flee the country.

UNHCR said the criticism is unfounded. It conceded there had been delays to processing applications but said those were caused by a shortage of resources.

It was “absolutely not true to say we reject everyone,” said Tariq Argaz, a UNHCR spokesman.

Nevertheless, an increasing number of Oromos in Cairo have tried to get to Europe this year. Almost half of the estimated 150 Ethiopians who drowned in a sinking on April 9 joined the voyage straight from the UNHCR protest, according to relatives and survivors, who said the UN agency effectively pushed them to risk the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean.

“We have come to feel in Cairo, it is Europe or death!” said Arafat Abdulrahman, an Oromo who lost several friends in the April disaster. He set off for Italy himself and arrived safely in July.

SELF IMMOLATION

Muaz Mahmud, the Oromo migrant who lost his wife Duniya and their two-month-old baby in the shipwreck, is furious with the UN. “If our case had been taken seriously we would have waited for the UN to make a decision,” he said. “We wouldn’t have dared to leave. But we lost hope.”

Mahmud, 25, said he fled Ethiopia after being arrested for protesting. He said police had tortured him with electric shocks. “‘You don’t have the right to speak,'” he said they told him. “‘If you want to be silent and live silently, you go ahead and live silently.'”

Mohammed Seid, public relations director of Ethiopia’s Office for Government Communications Affairs, said no law-abiding citizens had reason to fear the government.

“Ethiopia is governed by rules,” he said. “Opposition activity that is not criminal in nature, or does not involve violence, is not illegal in Ethiopia.”

Seid said that Oromos who make it to Europe or the United States often lie to win asylum. “In their bid to find shelter, or be handed green cards, residency status or have their asylum bids accepted, any pretext is claimed,” he said. “But the main reason is economic … Traffickers lure them through false promises of easy wealth.”

In late April, UNHCR in Cairo agreed to work with Oromo groups to resolve the growing dispute there. But 40 or so refugees remained camped outside the agency’s office. In July, Getu Ayana, 26, doused himself with petrol and lit a match. Another migrant, Asli Nure, tried to put out the flames. Her clothes caught alight, and both died. According to other Oromos, the self-immolation was in protest at the high number of rejected asylum claims.

Argaz, the UNHCR spokesman, said staff helped get the two medical attention. He said every refugee application is treated on its merits and processed in a transparent and fair way.

Abdo Mohamed, chairman of the Oromo Sons Refugee Association in Cairo, said frustrations remains. “The UNHCR have promised to work on this issue but they are still rejecting people,” he said.

http://www.reuters.com/article/europe-migrants-egypt-oromos-idUSL4N1E04VN?rpc=401&

(Edited by Simon Robinson)

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