South Sudan government and opposition groups on Thursday evening signed a Revitalized Peace Agreement to end the country’s five-year civil war.
By Ojwe Lumara
JUBA, 14 September 2018 [Gurtong]-The signing ceremony happened in Addis Ababa after the 33rd Extraordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development where South Sudan was top of the agenda.
President Kiir signed for the South Sudan government, while Dr. Riek Machar signed for the SPLM IO. Leaders of the other opposition groups also signed the deal.
According to the Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, (RARCSS), a Pre-Transitional period of eight months shall come in to force within two weeks of signing the Revitalized agreement. During the Pre-Transitional period, the parties are expected to commit to their people and the international community that they will not return to war.
The Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU) is expected to last for three years at the end of which an election shall be held.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who is also the chairperson of IGAD bloc told South Sudan parties before the signing that “This agreement is not self-executing. You must show commitment and not allow a single drop of blood to flow during its implementation.”
The United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary General to South Sudan, David Shearer said signing of the revitalized Peace Agreement is but one step on the road to peace, it is one that lays the foundations for all that follows.”
Sudanese President Omar Hassan Al Bashir; Ugandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, are the co-guarantors of the agreement.